Activities of archpriest Pavel Kalinkin during the Second World War as factor of parish division in the Narva dioces

Ivan Vasil’evich Petrov PhD in History, senior researcher, Institute of History, Saint-Petersburg State University (7–9 Universitetskaya embankment, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia)
i.petrov@spbu.ru; ivanpet1990@hotmail.com

Petrov I. V. Activities of archpriest Pavel Kalinkin during the Second World War as factor of parish division in the Narva dioces, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2022, vol. 11, pp. 194–266.

doi: 10.24412/2308-0698-2022-11-194-266

Language: Russian

The article examines the processes that took place among Orthodox parishes during the Second World War and the Nazi occupation of the Baltic countries from March 1941. Cathedral of Narva, was in conflict with the diocesan bishop — Bishop Paul (Dmitrovsky). Their mutual misunderstanding and the unresolved issue with the appointment of priest Kalinkin as rector of the cathedral in Narva ultimately led to a division between the parishes. Archpriest Pavel Kalinkin managed to organize the departure of a whole group of clergy from the power of the diocesan bishop and the transition to the power of Metropolitan Alexander (Paulus) of Tallinn and Estonia, who restored his own jurisdiction under the Nazi occupation, leaving the subordination of Moscow’s supporters. His further activities in connection with the organization of evacuation to the Estonian capital in connection with the offensive of the Red Army are also considered. The article is based on the materials of the National Archives of Estonia and the Archives of the Estonian Orthodox Church.

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Key words: Orthodox Church, Estonia, World War II, Baltic Exarchate, Pavel Kalinkin

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/en/en-petrov-2022/

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