Eschatology and philosophy of history of the tsarebozhniks sectarians

Evgeny Vladimirovich Nikolsky doctor in Philology, doctor in Theology, professor, Augustine Voloshin Carpathian University (Goydy Ulitsa, 4, Uzhgorod, Ukraine, 88000),

Nikolsky E.V. Eschatology and philosophy of history of the tsarebozhniks sectarians, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2019, vol. 8, pp. 154–182.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2020-00015

Language: Russian

The article analyzes the historiosophical and eschatological doctrinesof the tsarebozhniks. The eschatology has been caused by the naturaldegeneration of monarchical ideas in the conditions of social upheaval.Among all possible prerequisites for it could be mentioned the mythogenic world of the temple environment, which appeared to be susceptibleto the ideas of tsarism, cutting of the Soviet ideology as mental ground,the tradition of comparison of a tsar with God, as well as the spread of ideaof redemptive mission of Nicholas II, spread after his death etc. The devaluation of Christocentrism among the tsarebozhniks and thelikeningof the main object of their cult, the coming king, to the Jewish Mashiachare espessialy worth noting. The author emphasizes that link, with the listof he intersection points being a lenghty one, and assumes that the tsarebozhniks are fully aware of the similarity. Despite the Orthodoxs traditionally consider the Mashiach being the Antichrist, who will be crushed bythe breath of the coming Christ, in the eschatology of the tsarebozhniks,the idea is constantly combined with the concepting of the coming king.This opposition, nevertheless, implies their equality — they are both iconsof Christ, only one is true, and the other is perverted.

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Key words: christocentrism, redemption, monarchist ideology, Christology, Nicholas II, Russian Rastafarians, sectarianism, magism, nationalism, xenophobia, chauvinism


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