Classical German Philosophy as a theoretical source of modern religious studies

Grigorenko Andrey Yur’evich, PhD in philosophy, professor, The Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (Moika Embankment, dom 48, korpus 20a, St. Petersburg, Russia, 191186)
relig-rgpu@yandex.ru

Grigorenko A. Yu. Classical German Philosophy as a theoretical source of modern religious studies, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2012, vol. 1, pp.12–21.

DOI: 10.24411/2308-0698-2012-00013

Language: Russian

The author evaluates the contribution made by Classical German Philosophy to religious studies that became a separate discipline. The case of nature and origin of magic is examined.

Immanuel Kant was the first to draw attention to the specific character of magic. The difference between Christianity and early forms of religious consciousness was viewed by him as mere formal, not a matter of principle. According G. W. F. Hegel, the primitive religious stage was the religion of nature. It should be characterized mostly not by fear but by human self-assurance in absolute dominion over nature. The «spirit» (taken as an instrument) was set above matter. G. W. F. Hegel distinguished the stages of direct and mediate sorcery. Objectivation of the universal was the third stage; further development would have made a man an instrument of a higher being. G. W. F. Hegel anticipated scholars’ conclusions about instrumental theory of magic (20th C.). It was proposed that magic had been used to supply human actions with primitive tools, because the result was not assured and foreseeable. In the article, G. W. F. Hegel is called a founder of «cognitive religious studies.» There is a view that a primitive man understood cause and effect, natural phenomena incorrectly. The philosopher defined sorcery as the first savage form of religion that should not be virtually called as such, since religion does not imply human power and might. L. Feuerbach concurred with this view and defined magic as «nonreligious form of religion» for in religion itself the power was thought to be transferred to something beyond human beings.

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Key words: religious studies, magic, sorcery, I. Kant, G. W. F. Hegel, L. Feuerbach, J. Frazer

Permanent link: http://rcs-almanac.ru/grigorenko-a-yu-2012-en/

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Master programm “Religion and Legal studies“

Pogasiy Anatoliy Kirillovich, PhD, professor, Kazan institute, East Economic-legal Humanitarian Academy (Kazan, Russia), kazan_prihod@mail.ru

Pogasiiy A. K. Master programm “Religion and Legal studies“, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2014, vol. 3, pp. 337–340.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2014-00024

Language: Russian

The textbook “Fundamentals of confessional knowledge” released in 2013 seems to help students and scholars to explore a relatively new discipline for Russia — the science of religion. Number of allowances issued each year in religious studies, unfortunately, is not large, so each of them calls attention of specialists on the subject. Appreciating the very need for a such work, it should be noted that this book contents a big number of errors and typos that may mislead the reader on the key provisions of the various Christian denominations. The stated purpose of publishing — structuralisation of scientific apparatus is not only failed, but, on the contrary, instead of scientific apparatus the reader is faced with multiple speculation. Besides, the work can’t be call an original one, and it is difficult to say to what extent one can speak about the intellectual participation of the authors in the creating of the textbook. The review analyses text of the student book and examines some semantic structures. The author also concentrates on the reasons that led to publishing of such unqualified texts. The student book was written by a sport teacher and reviewed by a philosopher, while the chair of religious studies (Kazan Federal University) wasn’t attached to the process.
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Key words: religious studies, theology, confessions

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/pogasiiy-2014-2-en/

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Review on: Mustaev R. Sh., Salihov N. R. Osnovyi konfessionalnyih znaniy: Uchebnoe posobie [Fundamentals of confessional knowledge: Textbook], Kazan: 2013

Pogasiy Anatoliy Kirillovich, PhD, professor, Kazan institute, East Economic-legal Humanitarian Academy (Kazan, Russia), kazan_prihod@mail.ru

Pogasiiy A. K. Review on: Mustaev R. Sh., Salihov N. R. Osnovyi konfessionalnyih znaniy: Uchebnoe posobie [Fundamentals of confessional knowledge: Textbook], Kazan: 2013, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2014, vol. 3, pp. 337–340.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2014-00019

Language: Russian

he textbook “Fundamentals of confessional knowledge” released in 2013 seems to help students and scholars to explore a relatively new discipline for Russia — the science of religion. Number of allowances issued each year in religious studies, unfortunately, is not large, so each of them calls attention of specialists on the subject. Appreciating the very need for a such work, it should be noted that this book contents a big number of errors and typos that may mislead the reader on the key provisions of the various Christian denominations. The stated purpose of publishing — structuralisation of scientific apparatus is not only failed, but, on the contrary, instead of scientific apparatus the reader is faced with multiple speculation. Besides, the work can’t be call an original one, and it is difficult to say to what extent one can speak about the intellectual participation of the authors in the creating of the textbook. The review analyses text of the student book and examines some semantic structures. The author also concentrates on the reasons that led to publishing of such unqualified texts. The student book was written by a sport teacher and reviewed by a philosopher, while the chair of religious studies (Kazan Federal University) wasn’t attached to the process.
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Key words: religious studies, theology, confessions

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/pogasiiy-2014-en/

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Academic approach to religion: new challanges (instead of a preface)

Aleksandr Michaylovich Prilutskiy, Doctor in Philosophy, professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (naberejnaya reki Moiki, 48/20a, St. Petersburg, Russia, 191186)

alpril@mail.ru

Prilutsky A. M. Academic approach to religion: new challanges (instead of a preface), Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2016, vol. 5, pp. 11–17.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2016-00001

Language: Russian

Introduction
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Key words: theology, science, religious studies

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/prilutsky-a-m-2016-introduction-en/

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New answers to old challenges (instead of a preface)

Aleksandr Michaylovich Prilutskiy Doctor in philosophy, professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (naberezhnaya reki Moiki, 48/20a, Saint-Petersburg, Russia,191186), alpril@mail.ru

Prilutskiy A. M. New answers to old challenges (instead of a preface), Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2017, vol. 6, pp. 11–17.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2017-00001

Language: Russian

Introduction
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Key words: theology, science, religious studies

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/prilutskiy-2017-introduction-en/

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