Clement of Alexandria’s Logos Pedagogue and Isaiah’s Servant (42:1–8 and 52:13–53:12): Missed Theological Perspectives

Timofey Gennadievich Pushkov phd in theology, priest of the Lugansk Diocese (Kuryachevka village, Markovsky district, 92444)
st077180@student.spbu.ru

Pushkov T. G. Clement of Alexandria’s Logos Pedagogue and Isaiah’s Servant (42:1–8 and 52:13–53:12): Missed Theological Perspectives, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2023, vol. 12, pp. 16–45.

doi: 10.24412/2308-0698-2023-12-16-45

Language: Russian

The article is devoted to finding coincidences and differences between Christianity and other religions and substantiating them as going back to the general Revelation of the Logos of God acting at one level or another in all ancient religions. The author reveals the main early Christian teachings about the logos, presented in the Greek patristic tradition. Much attention is paid to comparing the concepts of the Logos in the Old and New Testaments. The author comes to the conclusion that Christianity does not identify pagan gods with Christ, but only gives them the place of prototypes born of prophetic intuition that anticipated the appearance of the Savior. Syncretism simply declares relevant all traditions emanating from a «Single Faceless Spirit». In addition, the universalism of the Church is based on the historical event of Christ, such as the Incarnation, assuming the human nature, death and Resurrection of Christ. Syncretism can rely on the sum of abstract ideas, searching for these ideas in other religions. Christianity firmly excludes mystical and liturgical relativism, i. e. recognizing the speculative theories of the pagans to be largely inspired by God, Christianity does not allow the idea of the equivalence of their cults with the church liturgy.

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Key words: Christ, Logos, Teacher, Isaiah, interreligious dialogue, Clement of Alexandria

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/en/en-pushkov-2023/

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Parable of the Young Rich Man and Christ: the use in the early Christian tradition

Egor Sergeevich Leontiev research assistant, Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of History (7/9 Universitetskaya emb., Saint Petersburg, Russia, 199034)
st077180@student.spbu.ru

Leontiev E. S. Parable of the Young Rich Man and Christ: the use in the early Christian tradition, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2023, vol. 12, pp. 100–111.

doi: 10.24412/2308-0698-2023-12-100-111

Language: Russian

The article examines the gospel parable about the rich young man and Christ. Special attention is paid to how the parable is presented in the gospel texts themselves (from Matthew, Mark and Luke) — what are the common places and what are the differences: how is the interlocutor of Christ articulated, what should he do to get into the Kingdom of Heaven, wealth prevents this or not? The differences in interpretations of this story seem to have determined further lines of discussion about financial status of members of Christian communities, about acceptable and unacceptable behavior. The text analyzes how the apologists of the 1–3rd centuries AD (for example, Tatian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Cyprian of Carthage, etc.) refer to this material. Special attention is paid to how the various contexts in which the apologists existed determined their interpretation, their goals and objectives. We also tried to highlight the intellectual traditions that have developed around the understanding of wealth/poverty, to trace the ideological continuity within them and to show their relationship with other issues of early Christian thought (for example, about the nature of the soul).

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Key words: parable of the young rich man, early Christianity, poverty, wealth, Tatian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Cyprian

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/en/en-leontiev-2023/

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