Epistle of Bishop John of Antioch to Firmus, Bishop of Caesarea of Cappadocia. Translation and commentary

Nikolay Andreevich Vinogradov phd student, junior researcher, department of historical and theoretical studies, (Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt, 32А, 119334)
nicolayvin@gmail.com

Vinogradov N. A. Epistle of Bishop John of Antioch to Firmus, Bishop of Caesarea of Cappadocia. Translation and commentary, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2023, vol. 12, pp. 278–301.

doi: 10.24412/2308-0698-2023-12-278-301

Language: Russian

The article examines the letter of John of Antioch to Firmus of Caesarea, in which the bishop of Antioch urges Firmus to take the side of the «Easterners» on the eve of the Council of Ephesus in 431. The letter was written in the midst of the intra-church conflict of the 5th century (so-called «Christological dispute»), which was based on the differences in views on the nature of Christ in the theological schools of the East. The aggravation of the conflict between the Alexandrian and Constantinople cathedrae in the early fifth century led to the formation of church-political «parties» holding opposing views. This is the first translation of the letter from Latin into Russian. It is accompanied by a historical and philological commentary that reveals the details of the formation of such «parties» and the peculiarities of the relationship between bishops with different points of view on Christology.

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Key words: late Antiquity, Early Christianity, Late Antique Epistolography, Council of Ephesus, Christological dispute, Episcopate, Late Roman Empire

URL: http://rcs-almanac.ru/en/en-vinogradov-2023/

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