The legendary history of Greece in the chronological tables of Eusebius of Caesarea

Sergej Mihajlovich Zhestokanov PhD of History, Associate Professor, St. Petersburg State University, Institute of History (7/9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation)

Zhestokanov S. M. The legendary history of Greece in the chronological tables of Eusebius of Caesarea, Religiya. Tserkov’. Obshchestvo. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po teologii i religii [Religion. Church. Society: Research and publications in the field of theology and religious studies], Saint-Petersburg, 2019, vol. 8, pp. 292–333.

doi: 10.24411/2308-0698-2019-00015

Language: Russian

In the study of any historical period, chronology of events plays a great role. The Chronicle of Eusebius of Caesarea is very important for the study of the history of the Ancient World. The work of Eusebius represents the first work in the Greco-Roman written tradition, summarizing the data of ancient chronography, and combining them with the data of the eastern, especially biblical, chronography. The Chronicle is divided into two parts, the first of which gives a brief survey of the history of a number of ancient peoples and the lists of kings with an indication of the duration of their reign, and the second part presents synchronous tables of the main events from the birth of the biblical patriarch Abraham until the twentieth year of the reign of Emperor Constantine. The original version of the work was not preserved, and two versions of it survived to our time. The first is a translation into Latin made by Jerome the Blessed at the end of the 4th century, and the second is a translation into Old Armenian made in the 6th century. In this paper, the author proposes his translation of the part of the Jerome’s version of the Chronicle, which contains information on events of Biblical history from the birth of Abraham to the Babylonian captivity of the Jews. The translation is made by: Eusebius Werke Bd.7. Tl. 1. Die Chronik des Hieronymus: Hieronymi Chronicon / Hrsgb. von R.  Helm. Leipzig, 1913.

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Key words: Eusebius of Caesarea, Biblical history, mythology, chronology


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